America Travel Guide

North America, South America and the Caribbean Islands together make up the landmass that is collectively known as the Americas, covering 8% of Earth’s total land area.

Roughly divided into two major cultural groups, Anglo-America – the North American continent and Latin America which includes North America south of Rio Grande, the Caribbean Islands and South America. Mexico and Central America is often referred to as the Middle Americas.

Home to over a billion people,65% of who live in one of  the most populated countries (the United States, Brazil, and Mexico).The most populous urban areas are Mexico City, New York City, São Paulo, Los Angeles, Buenos Aires, and Rio de Janeiro, with over ten million inhabitants.

Comprising of 35 independent nations and various over sea settlements under European control, the continent is made of diverse cultures and an assortment of ecosystems.

For the ease of navigating through the vast continents, this guide has been divided into fractions.

North America, Central America, the Caribbean, South America

Destinations/Attractions

Some of the popular destinations are

North America – United States of America, Canada ,Hawaii

Central America – Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama

The Caribbean – Aruba, Bonaire, Cuba, Puerto Rico, The Dominican Republic, St. Kitts

South America – Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Columbia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela

The Caribbean

Devil's Bay (British Virgin Islands)

Brazil

Rio de Janerio_Mytraveljaunts

Ecuador

Quito,Ecuador by Travel Jaunts

Canada

Victoria_Canada_Mytraveljaunts

Argentina

Ushuaia, Argentina by Travel Jaunts

Chile

Easter Island Chile by Travel Jaunts

Peru

Machu_Pichu_mytraveljaunts

Central America

Mexico_Mytraveljaunts

Bolivia

Death Road Bolivia by Travel Jaunts

Colombia

colombia

Venezuela

Angel Falls Venezuela by Travel Jaunts

Basics- Quick facts

Population – The total population of the Americas add up to a total of approximately one billion.

A total of roughly 364 million people populate North America, with around 326 million people in the United States, plus roughly 1.43 million living on the islands of Hawaii, and approximately 37 million in Canada and Greenland, accounting to 4.77% of the world’s population out of which 85.3% is urban.

80.2 per cent of Latin America and the Caribbean population live within urban contexts, and roughly make up 8.55% of the world’s population.

Language – The majority of the languages spoken across the Americas are a result of the European colonization. English, Dutch, Spanish, Portuguese and French are widely spoken in comparison to indigenous languages.

Immigration also has contributed to the language pattern of the New World, Chinese, Vietnamese, Korean, Arabic, German and Russian are among the top ten languages spoken in the Americas today.

However, it should be known that both the North and South American continents are home to a variety of indigenous languages which are not much in use today.

Currency – The US Dollar is the only currency accepted in the United States. Credit cards, Debit cards and prepaid travel cards are the common alternatives used by travellers.

The Canadian Dollar (CAD) is widely used across the country, and foreign currencies can easily be changed into Canadian dollars after arrival. USD can be used at most shops but will most likely be expensive as retailers can set their own exchange rates.

South America is home to 12 different units of currency used across the 12 nations, USD is widely accepted across the continent, however, it is best to use the local currency.

Interesting facts

In line after Asia and Africa, North America is the third largest continent in the world.

The continent of North America is contained within Northern and Western hemispheres alone.

North America is bound by three of the world’s largest oceans – the Pacific, the Atlantic and the Arctic.

The first Native American is believed to have migrated from Asia when a land bridge still connected the two continents.

Canada is the largest country in the North American continent, spanning 6 time zones, whereas The United States and Mexico have the largest populations. Mexico City is the most populous urban context, with New York not far behind.

Canada has the longest coastline in the world, more than twice than that of the country which comes second.

Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica collectively used to be a single country named  Central America.

Only 2% of the Caribbean islands are inhabited

Covering half of the continent’s land mass, Brazil is the largest country in the state of South America.

Brazil is the world’s largest coffee producer at 25 % of the world’s coffee supply.

Peru grows about 55 varieties of corn, in a variety of colours including yellow, purple, white and black.

Food & Culture

Religion – Religion in the Americas has been evolving significantly from the days of the Native Americans to the days of the colonists to today, influencing art, culture and law.

The sum of the population of the united states, Canada and Mexico, which accounts for 85%of the population of the North American continent is significantly (77.4) Christian, making it the largest religion in North America. Coming second is the non-religious followed by Islam and Hinduism, with the percentage of Islamic and Hindu believers being significantly more in Canada compared to that of the United States. Hawaii is home to a large number of Christians and Buddhists as well.

The dominant religion in Mexico is Christianity, representing 83% of the total population.

Almost all the countries in the continent of South America is predominantly Christian, although Suriname is home to a significant number of people who are non-religious.

Art and Architecture – The geographical and geographic diversity of the American continents has resulted in the development of culturally diverse regions whose have built vivid and expressive indigenous communities.

Colonisation meant that these cultures superficially accepted European styles and modified them to reflect their tradition and cultures.

It was only in the early 19 th century a collective Latin American, as well as a Native American identity, came into being only as a result of increased networking in the continent and due to shared linguistic ties and colonial heritage leading to a result of pluralistic, multicultural conditions.

The late 20th and the early 21 st centuries saw the evolution of art in the Americas trying to diverge from individualistic identities to a global one.

Colonisation also meant that European influences (British, Spanish, Portuguese, Dutch, French, German) styles of design and construction were brought to the newly discovered continent. On the new continent, they became amalgamated with various cultures picking the best of each to suit local context.

In the continent has seen modernist developments included commercial developments notably skyscrapers, devoid of all but essential ornamentation.

Contemporary architecture has developed in the entire collective continent of the Americas, not in any singular style but as an amalgamation of several expressive styles keeping in mind the latest technology and aimed to astound.

Customs and Traditions – The Americas as a whole is a continental region that is best described as a melting pot. Not only does the massiveness of the continent make for regional diversity, but the continent is home to a lot of immigrants from all over the world creating an amalgamation of entirely distinct cultures.

Noted Traditions

Of several days of national importance celebrated across the United States the most popular of which is Thanksgiving, 4 the of July and Ground Hogs Day.

Giving leis – garlands made of tropical flowers, maile, nuts and berries (called Lei) are often given to people celebrating a milestone or those coming back home as a gesture of a hearty welcome.

Central America is a region with deeply rooted ancestral traditions. Depending on the time of year, life, the dead, the saints, and the harvests are celebrated.

In most Spanish-speaking countries, Carnival celebrations are held between late January and early March, the time leading up to Lent. Carnivals are generally recognized as the final chance to celebrate before Lent. There are many festivities, including dancing and music, throughout the day and night.

Food – Like everything related to American culture, its cuisine too is an amalgamation of influences from indigenous native tribes, African Americans, Asians, Europeans, and Pacific Islanders. A lot of variations developed during the 18 th and 19 th centuries calling cooking styles of multiple ethnicities or regional approaches to fuse or adapt with other styles, to make ways for completely new styles.

Quintessential foods that cannot be missed are –

The US – Buffalo Chicken Wings,Apple Pie, Hamburger, Chilli, Clam Chowder

Canada – Poutine, Nova Scotian Lobster Rolls,

Hawaii –  Poke, Lomi Salmon, Chicken long rice, Haupia, Fish tacos, Ahi, Manapua, Malasadas,

Central America – Jerk Pulled Pork (Belize), Anafres (Honduras), Pupusas (El Salvador), Vigaron (Nicaragua), Chilera (Costa Rica), Ceviche (Panama),Tapado (Guatemala)

The Caribbean – Mofongo (Puerto Rico), Boca Chica fried fish and tostones (Dominican Republic), Keshi Yena (Aruba), Stewed saltfish (St. Kitts)

South America –  Ceviche (Peru), Arepas (Venezuela), Empanadas (Argentina), Dulce de Leche (Colombia, Venezuela, Argentina, Uruguay, Brazil)

Clothing – Apart from professional business attire, American and Canadian fashion is predominantly informal. The western states are commonly noted for being more informal in style than those closer to the eastern seaboard. Dress pants, formal shoes, a button-down shirt or jeans, shorts, and a simple tee, is the norm.

Other communities in the Americas, wear traditional clothing on special occasions or but in general are open to western fashions, often adapted to their own climatic or cultural conditions. For example in Hawaii and the Caribbeans, Local designers take inspiration from the sea, the vivid flora and the relaxed culture for which the region is known.

While travelling through the South American continent, try to blend into the local crowd and dress conservatively. Be sure to pack an elegant going out outfit and a good pair of shoes. Also the smaller things like gloves and scarves and jumpers (which are often hand woven and colourful), can be bought in the local markets.

How to go?

North America

United States of America

East coast

New York – John F Kennedy International Airport

Massachusetts – Boston-Logan International Airport

Pennsylvania – Philadelphia International Airport

Virginia – Richmond International Airport

Maryland – Baltimore Washington Airport

District of Columbia – Dulles International Airport

Maine – Portland International Airport

South Carolina – Charleston International Airport

Florida – Miami International Airport

West coast

Washington – Tacoma International Airport,San Francisco,

California – San Francisco International Airport, Sacramento international airport

Los Angeles, California – Los Angeles International Airport

San Diego, California – San Diego International Airport

Arizona – The Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport

Oregon – Portland International Airports

Nevada – McCarran International Airport

Canada

Calgary, Alberta – Calgary International Airport

Victoria, British Columbia – Victoria International Airport

Vancouver, British Columbia – Vancouver International Airport

Winnipeg, Manitoba -, Winnipeg International Airport

Ottawa, Ontario – Ottawa Macdonald-Cartier International Airport

Toronto, Ontario – Toronto Pearson International Airport

Montreal, Quebec – Montréal-Pierre Elliott Trudeau International Airport

Quebec City, Quebec – Québec/Jean Lesage International Airport

Hawaii

Kona International Airport (Kona), Hilo International Airport (Hilo)

Travellers also have an option of flying into Honolulu International Airport on Oahu first and then taking a short, 35-40 minute flight to the island of Hawaii.

Central America

Belize – Philip S.W. Goldson International Airport, Belize City

Costa Rica – Juan Santamaría International Airport, San Jose, Daniel Oduber International Airport, Liberia

El Salvador – Monseñor Óscar Arnulfo Romero International Airport, San Salvador

Guatemala – La Aurora International Airport, Guatemala City

Honduras – Juan Manuel Gálvez International Airport, Roatan

Mexico – Benito Juárez International Airport (Mexico City International Airport)

Nicaragua – Augusto C Sandino International Airport, Managua

Panama – Tocumen International Airport, Panama City

The Caribbean

Aruba – Queen Beatrix International Airport, Oranjestad

Bonaire – Flamingo International Airport, Kralendijk

Cuba – Jose Marti International Airport, Havana

Puerto Rico – Luis Muñoz Marín International Airport,Carolina

Rafael Hernández International Airport, Aguadilla

Mercedita International Airport, Ponce

The Dominican Republic – Las Americas International Airport, Santo Domingo

St. Kitts – Robert Bradshaw International Airport, Basseterre

South America

Argentina – The Ministro Pistarini International Airport, Buenos Aires

Bolivia – El Alto International Airport, Viru-Viru International Airport, Jorge Wilstermann International Airport

Brazil – Guarulhos International Airport, São Paulo, Galeão – Antonio Carlos Jobim International Airport, Rio de Janeiro

Chile – Arturo Merino Benitez – Santiago International Airport

Columbia –  El Dorado International Airport,Botoga,José María Córdova International Airport,Medillin Rafael Núñez International Airport, Cartago, Alfonso Bonilla Aragón International Airport,Cali

Ecuador – Mariscal Sucre International Airport ,Quito ,José Joaquín de Olmedo International Airport, Guayaquil

Peru – Jorge Chávez International Airport, Lima, Alejandro Velasco Astete International Airport,Cusco

Venezuela – Simon Bolivar International Airport,Caracas, La Chinita International Airport, Maracaibo

Best time to go

The vast continent offers to change landscapes, temperatures, and climates. The climate and intensity of these seasons vary across the country, and the best travel time to depends on what you wish to experience.

North America

United States of America

Spring and autumn are the best times to visit the USA, with pleasant temperatures across the country. If you want to see a white winter, the months of December to February is the best time.

The seasons in the US are usually as follows

Spring:  March to May

Summer: June to August

Autumn: September to November

Winter: December to February

Canada

In terms of pleasant weather, getting the best value for money and not having to face the crowds at peak travel season the fall months – September and October, and spring – May and June are the best time to travel.

The seasons in Canada are usually as follows

Spring: February to May

Summer: June to August

Autumn: September to December

Winter: December to February

Winters in Canada reach a peak at most places, except at the coast of British Columbia, where winters are moderate with little snow.

In Banff and Whistler (both ski popular ski destinations) or places at similar (high) altitudes, the season usually ends at May. 

Hawaii

Hawaii has the best of the best of the weather, with minimal rains from April to September. Best months to go whale watching are December to May. Peak season is July. To get the best of great weather, lesser crowds and good prices, May or September is the best.

The seasons in Hawaii are usually as follows

summer: May to October

winter: November to April

Central Pacific hurricane season: June to November

Central America

The best time to visit Central America would be the dry season, to avoid the torrential rains. July is peak season. The best value for money would be to visit at the end of the dry season, April to May, just before the peak crowds.

The seasons in Central America are usually as follows

Dry Season: early November to mid-May

Hottest months: March and April

Rainy Season: Mid May to Mid or late October

Torrential weather: July to September.

The Caribbean

The best time to visit the Caribbean would be from January to April, due to pleasant weather and low chances of rainfall. April, June and July are ideal, May generally experiences slight rainfall in most places.

The seasons in the Caribbean are usually as follows

Dry Season: February to June

Hottest months: March and April

Rainy Season: July to January

Torrential weather: June to November

South America

South America is a vast continent, with a diverse geography and climate, please check the country wise destination guides for more details about the best time to travel.

The seasons in South America are usually as follows

Summer: December to February

Autumn: March to May

Winter: June to August

Spring: September to November

Rainy season: January to March

Approximate Costs

  • North America

United States of America

Stay:

budget accommodation – $40 – $80 (dorm/hostel)

Mid-range – $100 – $200(double room)

High-end –   $300+

Food: $5 – $10 per person per meal at a fast food restaurant, food truck or diner

Mid-range: $15 – $25 per person per meal at a reasonable restaurant, gastropub

High-end:  $50+ per person per meal at a nice restaurant

Local transport:

Car Rental :

Budget: $200 per week for a budget car that will comfortably fit two people and luggage

Mid-range: $250 – $300 for a mid-range car that will easily fit four people and luggage

High-end:  $350 – $500 for a high-end car such as a convertible, large SUV or luxury vehicle

Sightseeing: $10 – $30/person

*Costs are mentioned in terms of USD.

*Costs mentioned are the average rates per day per person unless specified otherwise.

Canada

Stay:

budget accomodation – $25 to $100(dorm/hostel)

Mid-range – $100 to $250

High-end – $200 to $500+

+taxes in the range of 18% will be added to the hotel bill.

Food: $28/$50 two people

10% to 15% tax will be added to your restaurant bill at the end of the meal.

Tip – 15% to 20%

Local transport:

Cost to rent a car per day in Canada: $30 to $75.

Cost for return VIA train ticket from Toronto to Montreal: $100 to $300.

Commuter train cost from Hamilton to Toronto (about 1.5 hrs) is $12.10.

The light rail from Vancouver International Airport to downtown Vancouver (30 mins) costs $7 to $10.

Montreal subway tokens cost $2.25 to $3.25.

Taxis in Canada begin with a fixed rate of around $3.50 and then charge $1.75 to $2 per kilometre.

Sightseeing: $21 /person

*Costs are mentioned in terms of USD.

*Costs mentioned are the average rates per day per person unless specified otherwise.

Hawaii

Stay:

budget accommodation – $150

High-end –   $252

+Taxes – 13.416%

Food:$70/person/ day

Local transport:

Car Rental: $40 per day for an economy or mid-sized car

Sightseeing:

helicopter tours start at $250, Manta rays from 100$, renting a kayak will at $40 per person

per day and an average cost of $15 to $25 at national parks and monuments.

*Costs are mentioned in terms of USD.

*Costs mentioned are the average rates per day per person unless specified otherwise.

  • Central America

Stay: Accommodation varies from country to country, from $25 to $50, with countries like Belize, Honduras, Guatemala, Costa Rica and Panama being on the higher range.

Food: The cost of a meal in South America varies from $2 to about $9 per person, with the average being $4 per meal. Street food can cost about half a dollar, and local markets have prices set in between $15 to $25.

Local transport: Rides in local buses cost about $1 or $2, with long distances rides ranging between $10to $3

Car Rental: an average of $50 per day.

Sightseeing: Sightseeing and cultural activities in can cost as less as $2 – $4 and as high as $70 depending on the region and type of activities (mainly varying if additional equipment is required).

Entrance to wildlife sanctuaries and national parks coast well below $12, guided tours would range from $25 to $ 50.

*Costs are mentioned in terms of USD.

*Costs mentioned are the average rates per day per person unless specified otherwise.

  • The Caribbean

The suggested daily budget is about $150.

Stay: Accommodation varies significantly, from something as low as $80 to $166, with islands like Aruba, Bonaire, Puerto Rico and St.Kitts being on the higher range.

Food: The cost of a meal in the Caribbean varies from a little less than $10 to about $54 per day, with with the average being about $32.Cost of food at local markets can vary from $5 to $8.

Local transport: the cost of local transport can vary from $1 or $2 to $40+ depending o n the region. Cuba is the most pocket-friendly while Bonaire manages to supersede all in terms of the cost of public transportation.

Sightseeing: Sightseeing and cultural activities can vary from $60 and can go up to $100+ depending on the region and type of activities (mainly varying if additional equipment is required).The cost of sightseeing spikes in Bonaire at $125 and dips in Cuba. The average remains to be $60 – $70.

*Costs are mentioned in terms of USD.

*Costs mentioned are the average rates per day per person unless specified otherwise.

  • South America

Recommended daily budget is about $100 to $150, however, note that prices vary steeply across the region and your daily expenditure will exceed your allocated budget in some regions and make up for it in others.

Stay: Dorm rooms cost $10 while mid-range accommodations will range from $25 to $50 in mid-range countries to about $70 in pricier regions.

Food: the cost of meals could vary from $2 – $6/ meal like Bolivia, Ecuador and Peru to $9- $18 person in countries like Brazil, Chile and Columbia. Almost always keeping with $20.

Local transport: The cost of the local transport will invariably be under $10, with monthly passes costing you anywhere between $15 to $45.

Costs in Brazil, Chile, Argentina and Peru are headed towards the upper limit with costs in Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador and Venezuela averaging around the lower limit.

Taxis in South America are expensive except in Bolivia.

Another fairly common form of transport is shard rides usually taxis costing you about $0.50.

Sightseeing: The cost of activities varies across the region, and can vary from under $20 to under $100.

*Costs are mentioned in terms of USD.

*Costs mentioned are the average rates per day per person unless specified otherwise.

Visa requirements

Countries which require prior approval for visa 

United States of America (North America) – The B2 (tourist) Visa can be applied online. The applicant must have a passport valid for at least 6 months from the date of application. The time for processing is minimum one week. Minimum duration of a tourist visa is 6 months.

Canada (North America) – The application for a tourist visa can be applied either online or in paper, the visa will be valid for a visit of 6 months and the for a duration of 10 years from the date of issue.

Hawaii ( United States of America) – As a state of America, entry to Hawaii is dependent upon the same entry requirements of mainland USA.

Belize (Central America) – Application can be made via post or in person. Applicant must have a passport that is valid up to a minimum of six months from the date of application.

Costa Rica (Central America) – Applicants must have a passport valid for 6 months from the date of application, and the application must be done in person. Processing may take up to 6 days. The visa will valid for not more than 30 days.

Guatemala (Central America)  – The processing time for an application of visa to Guatemala is up to 5 business days, with a validity of up to 30 days.

Honduras (Central America) –Application for a visa can be submitted online. The applicant must have a passport which is valid for at least six months from application.

Mexico (Central America)  – An online visa application is available, however, Indian citizens with a valid visa from the USA or a Schengen visa is eligible for entry without a visa for up to a duration of 90 days.

Panama (Central America) – Visitors require a passport valid for up to a minimum of six months, the processing will take up to a duration of 4 to 5 days and will be valid for a duration of 30 days.

Aruba (The Caribbean) – A traveller keen on visiting, must apply for a visa before arrival, in person at a consulate of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. The visa would be valid for 30 days and can be extended for more than 30 days but not exceeding 180 days. The traveller must also have a passport which is valid for the duration of the visit.

Cuba (The Caribbean) – Indian citizens are eligible to apply online for a Cuban Tourist Card. The passport of the applicant needs to be valid for six months from the date of arrival in Cuba.The processing of the Visa would take about a day.

Puerto Rico (The Caribbean) – Indian nationals can apply for a visa, at the nearest embassy. However, a visa to the United States would hold valid for an entry into Puerto Rico.

The Dominican Republic (The Caribbean) – Applicants must apply for a visa at the nearest embassy or consulate. However, anyone(of any nationality) having a valid multiple entry visa for USA, United Kingdom, Canada or Schengen visa is eligible to obtain a tourist card upon arrival.

Argentina (South America) – Apply for a visa (with a duration of validity of 3 months) at the Embassy of the Argentine Republic in New Delhi with all the documentation in paper.

Bolivia (South America) – The visa would require a processing of 5 to 6 working days and would be valid fora duration of 30 days.

Brazil– The visa to Brazil from India must be obtained in advance. Applicants must have a passport that is valid for at least 6 months from date of issue. Processing the visa would take up to 5 to 8 working days.

Chile (South America) – Apply for a tourist visa which will be processed within a duration of 10 to 15 days. the visa would be valid for an entry of 30 days within 90 days of issue.

Columbia (South America) – An online visa application is available, however Indian citizens with a valid visa from the USA or a Schengen visa is eligible for entry without a visa for up to a duration of 90 days.

Peru (South America) – The processing time for a visa application to Peru is about 5 days, upon approval it would enable you to stay in the country for 183 days, however, an extension is not possible.

Venezuela (South America) – An application must be made in person, the applicant must possess a passport valid for at least 6 months from the entry date. The visa would be valid for a maximum of 90 days.

Countries which give visa on arrival

El Salvador (Central America) – An Indian citizen is eligible for a tourist card which will be issued upon arrival, with a validity of up to 90 days, however, the applicant must possess a passport which is valid for a minimum of 6 months.

Nicaragua (Central America)  – Indian citizens are eligible for a Visa upon arrival, valid for up to 90 days. Travellers must have a passport that is valid for a minimum of 6 months from the date of application.

Ecuador (Central America) – Indian nationals are eligible for visas on arrival, the tourist, however, must have a passport which is valid for a minimum of 6 months.

Other

Bonaire (The Caribbean) – Travellers to Bonaire can enter the country for up to 3 months every 6 months, without the requirement of any sort of resident permit. However, the traveller must hold a passport that is valid for the duration of the visit.

St. Kitts (The Caribbean) – For a stay of up to 30 days, an Indian citizen is exempt from having to possess a visa.

Top things to do

Central Park, New York City, New York – An urban park set in the heart of Manhattan, offering an array of activities, from guided tours to picnics it is home to a variety of landmarks set within the park itself, including a lake (set in the foreground of towering skyscrapers) and a zoo.

Times Square – At its captivating best after sundown, Times Square comes alive with its magical billboards and the quintessential New York crowd. Pedestrian friendly, the square opens up to plazas offering you places to sit and perhaps grab a bite.

Freedom Trail, Boston – Walking you through 16 of the city’s principal historic monuments and sites, the freedom trail will take you to sites ranging from the city’s oldest cemetery to the site of the Boston Massacre. Essential to understanding the history of the host county follow the red brick paved road to go back in time.

Miami, Florida – Don’t forget to visit the famous Miami, an eclectic combination of quiet neighbourhoods and vivid entertainment districts, home to long stretches of fine sand beaches, and a stunning ocean front.

Seattle, Washington – Once an industrial centre, Seattle is now the largest city of the state of Washington, iconic to the skyscape of the city is the Space Needle, a visit to the observation deck will guarantee your views of the city, Elliott Bay, and Mt. Rainier.

Drop by at PIER 39, located along  San Fran’s historic waterfront, offering you amazing vistas of the Golden Gate and Bay Bridges, Alcatraz, Angel Island and the famous city skyline, Pier 39 is an experience iconic to San Francisco, with amazing views of sea lions, chowder bread bowls and local wines.

A suburb of Los Angeles, California, Hollywood offers you attractions, built around the massive film industry. The Hollywood sign, Hollywood Boulevard, the Walk of Fame, and the Chinese Theatre are all inspiring sights that cannot be missed.

The Alvord Desert of Portland, Oregon, an endless stretch of desertscape bordered by Steens Mountain offers unparalleled vistas of quiet, haunting landscapes with natural hot springs nearby.

An experience iconic to Las Vegas, Nevada, is the Fremont Street Experience, a pedestrian-only area, hosting street performers and artists. Come night, the boulevard becomes a spectacle of bright light and colours and each night hosts a music and visual show.

About two and a half hours outside Calgary, Alberta, Canada you’ll find a hike, camp and an active dig site at the Dinosaur Provincial Park. Over 300 fossils have been unearthed here, making it the world’s biggest source of Cretaceous fossils.

When in Vancouver, British Columbia, the Capilano Suspension Bridge, stretches 470 feet across a canon with the Capilano river running 230 below it, offering breathtaking vistas of the fern-filled woods. Enjoy walks through wooded trails and don’t miss a chance to visit the Salmon Hatchery.

Ripley’s Aquarium of Canada, Toronto, Ontario, close to the famous CN Tower, this is one of Toronto’s newest attractions, home to an impressive underwater tunnel where you can watch the ocean go by.

Waikiki Beach and Diamond Head State Monument – A suburb of Honolulu, famous for dining, resorts and entertainment. Lined with cafes and boutiques, the Waikiki Beach is the highlight. The monument is important from a defence perspective and offers spectacular vistas of the island.

Tortuguero National Park, Costa Rica, is the wettest part of the country can only be reached by boat or plane, one of the most important breeding ground for the green sea turtle; turtle watching is one of the major activities here. The island is also home to many walking trails, and one can spot monkeys, sloths, and kinkajous during.

Honduras is home to rich ecosystems and many reserves and national parks are trying to preserve the beauty and diversity of the tropics. Punta Sal National Park houses everything from tropical jungles, mangroves, and wetlands to sparkling beaches and coral reefs, teeming with a variety of wildlife including many rare species. Hike, swim and snorkel and meet the locals from the nearby village of Garifuna.

Mexico’s largest and oldest cathedral, Catedral Metropolitana, Built using stones taken from the ancient Aztec temple, a masterpiece of three distinct architectural styles – Xalapan, Gothic and Spanish – is a must visit for the first timer.

Casco Viejo, Panama City is home to remnants of the Spanish era and is home to the perfect blend of colonial ruins and modern buildings. It also offers a sharp contrast to the line of skyscrapers across the bay. One of the best places to visit local markets and enjoy a cup of coffee, a visit to Casco Viejo, makes the top of everyone’s list.

Oranjestad  the capital of Aruba is a striking city in which Dutch colonial architecture gets a touch of Spanish and Caribbean influence, located on the waterfront, Wilhelmina Park, is an important landmark as are the National Archaeological Museum, Aruba Aloe Factory, Access Art Gallery, Butterfly Farm, the harbour market, and the Numismatic Museum.

The town of Trinidad, Cuba takes you back in time with its colonial buildings and cobblestoned streets. Highlights of the town include the Church of the Holy Trinity, the Church and Monastery of Saint Francis, the Museum of Colonial Architecture and the art gallery at the Casa de Aldeman Ortiz.

Old San Juan, Puerto Rico is an intriguing town where the Spanish influences from the colonial era can be seen with a twist of quintessential Puerto Rica. The piqué of interest is the El Morro Fort, which is just a short walk from the city centre.

Iguazu National Park is situated along Argentina’s border with Brazil; an almost 3km edge is made up of numerous waterfalls, with walkways allowing you get close to these magnificent waterfalls. It is easily accessible to the tourist and is a must visit.

One cannot leave Brazil without having visited the Janauari Ecological Park, where one can explore a number of different ecosystems by boat along its narrow waterways, the highlight of the boat ride is a lake entirely covered with water lilies.

The moon valley, at the Chile where it shares its border(s) with Bolivia, is famous for its landscape which resembles the moon. Set in the middle of the Atacama Desert, it is also equally well known for its caverns, home to pictographs of early man and some of the world’s oldest mummies.

Itinerary Suggestion by destination expert

North America

United States of America

National Parks Trail – (3 weeks/4 weeks)

Classic Coast to Coast – (3 weeks)

Southern USA – (2 weeks/3 weeks)

East coast – (2 weeks/3 weeks)

West Coast – (2 weeks/3 weeks)

Northern Routes – (2 weeks/3 weeks)

Canada

Western Canada: Through the Mountains – (15 days)

Eastern Canada – ( 2 weeks)

Classic Canada – Québec City to Vancouver (3 weeks)

Best of the Maritimes – (2 weeks /3 weeks)

The Great North – (3 weeks/ 4 weeks)

Canada – First Time Visitors – (3 weeks)

Hawaii – 10 days/ 15 days

Central America

Mexico, Belize, & Guatemala – 10 days

Cuba, Mexico, Belize, & Guatemala – 2 weeks

Mexico, Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador and Costa Rica – 3 weeks/4weeks

Honduras, Guatemala, Belize – 15 days

Belize and Guatemala – 15 days

Grand Mexico & Panama – 4 weeks

Nicaragua, Costa Rica & Panama – 15 days

Exploring one country at a time

Belize – 1 week

Costa Rica – 2 weeks

El Salvador – 1 week

Guatemala – 2 weeks

Honduras – 1 week

Mexico – 9 days/ 15 days

Nicaragua – 2 weeks

Panama – 1 week/ 2 weeks

The Caribbean

Aruba – 3 days/1 week

Bonaire – 4 days/ 1 week/ 2 weeks

Cuba – 1 week/ 3 weeks

Puerto Rico – 5 days/ 10 days

The Dominican Republic – 8 days

St. Kitts – 3 days/ 5days

South America

Peru, Bolivia and Chile – 3 weeks

Southern Brazil  – 7 days

Chile and Argentina – 9 days

Brazil & Argentina – 3 days/5 days

Northern Chile and southern Bolivia – 8 days

Ecuador, Peru and Northern Bolivia – 1 week/2 weeks

Colombia and Venezuela – 1 week/2 weeks

Northern Brazil and the Amazon – 7 days

South American Circuit – Chile, Brazil, Argentina, Peru, The Galapagos Islands – 5 weeks

Classic Inca Trail – 4 days

Exploring one country at a time

Argentina – 15 days

Bolivia – 1 week/ 3 weeks

Brazil – 10 days

Chile – 8 days/ 18 days

Columbia – 10 days

Ecuador – 7 days

Peru – 2 weeks

Venezuela – 18 days/21 days

Travel Tips

North America

United States of America

The continental United States is large – roughly 3 times that of India, so the most important advice would be not to try to cover too much on one trip. The best way to travel in the US would be to focus on one region and explore it in depth.

Tipping is customary; it forms a substantial amount of some of the service employer’s salary. Tipping is left up to the discretion of the tipper, but anywhere between 10% to 20% is the usual ballpark.

Canada

Climates differ across the nation, so it’s important to understand the region of visit and carry appropriate clothing for maximum comfort. Essentials include snow boots, woollen accessories, and waterproof jackets.

When visiting Canada’s gorgeous national parks, take care not to let animals get a sight of your food. When visiting Churchill, be especially alert of polar bears that are the only animals who actively stalk humans.

Most of Canada’s major cities have an excellent public transport system. But when travelling between them its best to book a car.

Always carry extra cash. Canada is a vast country made up of many rural towns and islands; Carrying extra cash is always worthwhile.

As in every city, it is best to avoid some areas as a tourist, in Vancouver locals recommend staying away from Downtown Eastside, in Toronto the same goes for Sherbourne and Parliament Streets after sun down.

Hawaii

Hawaii’s beaches are prone to high surf, be cautious and avoid swimming where there’s no lifeguard.Check the air quality reports every day, if you are susceptible to respiratory problems due to the volcanic smog.

Central America

Central America has amazing things to offer and most of it is outdoors, so dress appropriately, in clothes that would not let hamper your exploration of local ecosystems. Be sure to pack mosquito repellent, light clothes and solid shoes.

Learn a bit of the local language, which in Central America in most cases is Spanish, making interactions with the locals easier. People from central America are very open to sharing and explaining their tradition, understanding Spanish would make way for wonderful relations with them and you would probably get to hear a few narratives of personal accounts.

The Caribbean

Remember to pack for warm weather, carry a pair of sweaters, just in case.

Be sure to carry extra cash, in case you do not come across ATMS.

South America

South America is home to diverse landscapes and climates ensure you do enough background checks and carry clothes most suited to your region of travel, also carry mosquito repellents.

Carrying extra cash during the length of the travel would come in handy.

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